History: transportation; Harbin grew from a small town to a northern metropolis since WWII. It has remnant Russian influences, but the waterfront is all Chinese.
Current Use: recreation and tourism; transportation; winter ice surface
Current planning: magnificent pedestrian way; maintenance is an employment opportunity
Comment: In recent experience, this waterfront is the best used and best articulated for the residents of any in the world. Harbin is small and new by Chinese population standards. We observed and became engaged in the waterfront like none other we have visited. The width of the shore between water and city parallels Chicago’s. But its exhuberance and activity is much more. We were there in winter and activity was rampant in minus 20 degree temperatures – ping-pong; badminton; volleyball; gymnastics; art; skating; snowmobiling; all this is adjunct to a fabulous broad promenade
Conclusion: We do not have to focus so much on Chicago when innovative examples can be found elsewhere.